Cataract formation is a natural part of the eye’s aging process. Cataract surgery is a common procedure; most people regain the vision they had earlier with the help of microsurgery. The procedure has a 98% success rate. There is very little discomfort or inconvenience and patients can usually return home few hours after surgery. Here is some general information about what you can expect before, during and after your cataract surgery.
What is cataract?
A cataract is a clouding of the eye’s natural lens, which lies behind the iris and the pupil. When the lens becomes opaque, light cannot pass through it and the vision becomes dim or blurred as the transparency of the lens is lost. A cataract is not a growth or a film over the eye.
The most common cause of cataract is the deterioration of the normal structure and degeneration of lens protein due to age within the lens of the eye with age. There may be other causes like diabetes, kidney disease, glaucoma, smoking, eye injuries, infection, and inflammation inside the eye which can be responsible for the cataract. Besides these reasons, cataract can also develop due to exposure to UV rays or prolonged use of certain medications.
Kinds of lenses used in Cataract Surgeries
While Non-foldable lenses are made up of PMMA, a hard plastic material, Foldable lenses are either made of acrylic or silicone. The advantage of a foldable over a non-foldable lens is that the incision is very small and consequently the recovery period is much faster. Whichever the lens used, cataract surgery is a small procedure wherein the patient is discharged after a couple of hours and can safely go back home the same day.
- Toric lenses
For the past decade, ophthalmic surgeons have tried several methods to correct preexisting astigmatism during cataract surgery, including making incisions into the cornea to alter shape of the eye. Now due to the unique design of the Toric IOL, astigmatism can be reduced or corrected without further surgical intervention.
- Aspheric lenses
The aspheric lens is designed to enhance contrast sensitivity, reduce dependency on glasses, and improve functional vision.
- Multifocal lenses
Until recently the vast majority of patients who underwent surgery received a single-vision lens implant which required them to carry around reading glasses. However now Multifocal Accommodative IOLs are available which deliver accommodative-like vision across the entire visual spectrum. Post surgery, in certain patients, a very thin film develops behind the artificial lens. The treatment is a painless 10 minutes OPD procedure wherein the doctor cuts away this film through a process called Yag Laser.
Categories of Cataract Surgery
Cataract surgeries are microsurgeries and are broadly categorized into two:
- Small Incision Cataract Surgeries (SICS): This involves removing the cloudy lens in one piece through a scleral tunnel of 6 to 7 mm on the eye. Through this incision, the artificial lens is also implanted. No suturing is required.
- Phacoemulsification (Phaco): This is the latest advanced technique in cataract removal wherein a small ultrasonic probe is inserted into the eye through a cut of 3.2mm or less. This probe breaks (emulsifies) the cloudy lens into tiny pieces and gently sucks these out of the eye. The surgeon then implants the replacement lens through this cut.
When to see the doctor??? Planning for Surgery??
Cataract surgeries are micro surgeries and are broadly categorized into two:
- You should not wait for the cataract to mature.
- Consult your ophthalmologist as soon as you first experience blurriness in vision or colored rings in light.
- In case of cataracts in new born child, take the child immediately to the ophthalmologist if it is uniocular white reflex of cataract is seen with the help of torch.
- If binocular white reflex is seen with torchlight in children, you should also consult doctor.
Dr. Ratish Chandra Paul , Secretary
MBBS, DOMS, MS(IPGMER)
Specialisation: Cataract & Anterior Segment
He is one of the most experienced and renowned ophthalmologist from Eastern India. He specializes in Refractive Cataract Surgery and Laser Aided Cataract Surgeries. He is the medical director of Vanmukta Eye Bank. He is a faculty in cataract surgery training program at Susrut Eye Foundation and Research Centre.
Dr. Anirban Kundu
MBBS (Cal.), MS (RIMS), Ranchi University 2004
Specialization :Cataract & Anterior Segment
Dr. Anirban Kundu has done his MBBS and MS, before joining our hospital in 2005. He specializes in advanced techniques of Cataract Surgery, Paediatric group of patients and Diabetic patients in eye care.
Dr. Arindam Deb
MBBS, DO, FRCS(Glasgow)
Specialization :Cataract & Anterior Segment
Dr Arindam Deb completed MBBS and DO from University of Calcutta. He was awarded FRCS (Ophthalmology) from Royal College of Physicians and Surgeons of Glasgow in 2011.
He has been working in this organization for the past 7 years and successfully performing Phaco Surgery with the most advanced machines and technologies. He is also attached with several community projects of this hospital.
Dr. Doel Biswas
MBBS, MS, Fellowship in Comprehensive Opthalmology (SCEH, Delhi)
Specialization :Cataract& Anterior Segment, Refractive Surgery
After completing MS, Dr. Biswas did Fellowship in Comprehensive Ophthalmology from SCEH, Delhi. However, her interest and skill lies in Refractive Surgery namely LASIK & ICL Implantation and in Occuloplasty. At Susrut, she does LASIK and Occuloplasty in large numbers and with success.
Dr. Hari Shanker Nag
MBBS, MS, FAEH(Madurai)
Specialization :Cataract & Anterior Segment, Glaucoma
Dr Hari Sanker Nag completed his MBBS from VSS Medical College (Sambalpur University) and MS from Rajendra Institute of Medical Sciences (Ranchi University). He has done fellowship in IOL Microsurgery and Phacoemulsification from Arvind Eye Hospital, Madurai.
Dr. Kumkum Ghosh
MBBS, DO, DNB, FRCS (Glassgow)
Specialization :Cataract & Anterior Segment, Cornea
Dr. Kumkum Ghosh has done her MBBS and DO from Calcutta University and DNB in Ophthalmology under National Board of Examination (New Delhi). She was awarded FRCS (Ophthalmology) from Royal College of Physicians and Surgeons of Glasgow in 2013. She has been working in this organisation for the post 6 years and successfully performing Phaco Surgery with most advanced machines and technologies. She has interest in cornea also and successfully performing keratoplasty and other corneal surgeries.
Dr. Navajoyti Goswami
Specialization :Cataract, Refractive Surgery, Glaucoma
Dr.Navajyoti Goswami has done his MBBS from Gauhati University, and MS from Assam University, Silchar in the year 2005.
Dr. Nilay Kumar Majumdar
Specialization :Cataract, Glaucoma
Dr Nilay Kumar Majumdar is the senior glaucoma consultant of Susrut Eye Foundation & Research Centre. He did his MBBS from Calcutta National Medical College & Hospital in 1989 and Diploma in Ophthalmology from Regional Institute of Ophthalmology (RIO), Kolkata in 1993.He has also worked as Research Associate in the ICMR glaucoma project in RIO, Kolkata. He has several papers and presentations at national & international level. His special interest is in spreading glaucoma awareness as well as in painting.
Dr. Sayan Das
MBBS (Cal), MS (PGIMER, Chandigarh), FRCS (Glasgow)
Specialization :Cataract & Anterior Segment, Cornea
Dr. Sayan Das passed M.B.B.S from Calcutta Medical College (Calcutta University) in 1999. He completed his M.S (Ophthalmology) from Post-graduate Institute of Medical Education and Research, Chandigarh in 2002. He was awarded FRCS (Ophthalmology) from Royal College of Physicians and Surgeons of Glasgow in 2007. He has several publications in journals and presentations at state, national and international conferences to his credit. He is a faculty in cataract surgery training program at Susrut Eye Foundation and Research Centre.
Dr. Anuradha Chandra
MBBS, M.S, FAICO
Specialization :Cataract, Squint, Glaucoma, Paediatric Ophthalmology
Dr. A. Chandra completed MBBS & M.S(Opthalmology) from Medical College Kolkata in 2009. She has completed her Senior Residency in Pediatric Opthalmology Strabismus & Pediatric Glaucoma from Dr. R. P. Centre for Ophthalmic Sciences, AIIMS, New Delhi in 2012. She has numerous papers dealing with Glaucoma, Strabismus and Neurophthalmology in national & international journals.
Dr. Alok Agarwal
MBBS , MS Ph.D(Eye), FMRF, FTNEC
Specialization : Cataract, Medical & Anterior Segment
Dr. Alok Agarwal graduated from India in 2003. After his undergraduate degree he went and did a long-term observer ship in different eye hospitals in USA. He receive his Postgraduate degree in Ophthalmology from India in 2008 and PhD in Ophthalmology in 2011.
He did his long term fellowship training in Uveitis in 2008 at Sankara Nethralaya, India and later has acquired a wealth of experience in managing patients with a variety of complex ocular inflammatory diseases after doing another International Clinical Fellowship in Ocular Immunology & Inflammation Services from Singapore National Eye Center, Singapore in 2010.
Dr. Alok’s uveitis research interests are mainly in Vogt-Koyanagi Harada Disease, Cytomegalovirus infection in the immunocompetent. Dr. Alok’s other passion is in uveitic cataract surgery.
Dr. Alok is member of various eye societies and has numerous publications in peer review journal. He is actively involved in research and has given talks in various conferences globally.
Dr. Debasish Sarkar
Dr. Debasish Sarkar completed his MBBS from Goa medical college under Bombay University in 1982 and MS (Ophtha) from Regional Institute of Ophthalmology under Calcutta University.
Dr. Arunava Bandyopadhyay
Dr. A. Bandyopadhyay completed his MBBS from Calcutta University in 2002 and MS (Ophtha) from Dibrugarh University Assam. He has done fellowship in IOL microsurgery & phaco emulsification from Susrut Eye Foundation & Research Centre.
Dr. Rajarshi Chowdhury
Dr. R. Chowdhury completed his MBBS & MS (Ophtha) from Assam University Silchar in 1997 & 2005.
Dr. Abu Obaid Bani Sadat
M.B.B.S, M.S., FICO, Fellow of Paediatric (Ophth) & Strabismus
Specialization :Paediatric ophthalmology, Cataract
Dr. A.O.B. Sadat completed his MBBS from Calcutta Medical College and Hospital under University of Calcutta, Kolkata in 2005. Completed Internship from Calcutta Medical College and Hospital under University of Calcutta, Kolkata in 2005-2006. Completed MS in Ophthalmology from Institute of ophthalmology, J.N. Medical College and Hospital A.M.U. Aligarh from year 2008 to 2011. Completed long term fellowship in Paediatric ophthalmology and Strabismus from Arvind Eye Hospital, Coimbatore in October, 2013.
Dr. Vineet Agarwal
M.B.B.S, DNB (Ophthalmology), MS (Fellow)
Specialization : Cataract & Anterior Segment
Dr. Vineet Agarwal has passed MBBS from Medical College, Calcutta (Calcutta University) in 2005. He has done his DNB (Ophthalmology) from B.R.Singh Hospital & Centre for Medical Education and Research (Kolkata) in 2012. He has done his fellowship in IOL Microsurgery and Phacoemulsification (Cataract) from Susrut Eye Foundation and Research Centre, Kolkata in 2014. Previously he has worked as a consultant and cataract surgeon in Disha Eye Hospital, Barrackpore. His areas of interest are Cataract and General Ophthalmology. He has been successfully performing Phaco Surgery with the advanced machines and technologies.
Dr. Diptesh Das
Dr. Diptesh Das completed his MBBS from Medical College, Kolkata in 2008 under WBUHS and D.O. from RIO, Medical College, Kolkata under WBUHS.
Dr. Amina Usmani
M.B.B.S, M.S., Cataract Fellowship
Dr. Amina Usmani completed her MBBS form Jwahar Lal Medical College and Hospital under Aligarh Muslim University, Aligarh, U.P. in 2010 and completed MS in Ophthalmology, from Institute of ophthalmology, J.N. Medical College and Hospital A.M.U. Aligarh from year 2013 to 2016.
Dr. Nalinakshi Karan
M.B.B.S, D.O., DNB (Ophthalmology) and Fellowship in Cornea & Cataract
Specialization :Cataract, Cornea
Dr. Nalinakshi Karan completed her MBBS from Calcutta University in 2006 and D.O. from RIO Medical College, Kolkata under WBUHS. She also completed her DNB Ophthalmology and Fellowship in Cornea from Sri Shankaradeva Nethralaya, Guwahati in 2016.
Dr. Madhusudan Mandal
M.B.B.S, MS, Fellowship(Cataract)
Dr Madhusudan Mandal completed his MBBS from IPGME&R, Kolkata in 2010 and MS (Ophthalmology) from Institute of Ophthalmomology, Jawaharlal Nehru Medical College, AMU, Aligarh in 2016. He has done long term fellowship in IOL Microsurgery and Phacoemulsification from Susrut Eye Foundation and Research Centre, Kolkata in 2017.
Dr. Rekha Saxena
Dr. Mrs. Rekha Saxena completed her M.B.B.S. from Govt. Medical College Jabalpur with certificate of merit in Ophthalmology. She passed her M.S. from the upgraded Department of Ophthalmology from the same institute. She had a long association with Tata Motors Hospital Jamshedpur and superannuated as Head of Eye Department.
She had skill upgradation training at AIIMS New Delhi, Disha Eye Hospital, Barrackpore, and Susrut Eye Foundation & Research Centre, Kolkata.
Dr. Dhananjay Giri
MBBS, MS, Fellowship (Glaucoma, Cataract)
Specialization :Cataract, Glaucoma
Dr. Dhananjay Giri completed MBBS & MS from Kolkata. He did fellowship in Comprehensive Ophthalmology & Glaucoma from SNC, Chitrakoot (one of the largest surgery centres in India). He is serving Susrut Eye Foundation & Research Centre currently and dealing with Cataract & Glaucoma efficiently.
Cataract Services at Susrut
- Seven self-contained air-conditioned examination rooms fitted with high end examination units
- Medical expertise to handle Small Incision Cataract Surgery, and Phaco-emulsification techniques
- Two operation theatres dedicated to cataract surgery with high end microscopes and other support infrastructure
- Alcon – Infinity Phaco machine for Phaco surgeries
- In the year 2008, 25732 cataract surgeries are done